USIgnite2014: Day 3: Interview with Gigi Sohn, FCC

Announcement by Bithika Khargharia, Extreme Networks and US Ignite partnership: SDN Innovation Challenge. Remote medical is only one compelling use case, need low latency programmable networks that orchestrates and manages networks at various levels between Platform APIs and Network Infrastructure. Ideas welcome by Sept. 10, Pitch Oct. 20, Finalists announced Oct. 31, Implement starting Dec. 3, Demo and Award Ceremony next June 23.

Announcement by Gabriel Sidhom, Orange Silicon Valley: Orange GigaStudio: create a gigabit testbed in San Francisco for the startup and tech community to explore high bandwidth apps and foster innovation in immersive technology. July 31: Gigabit Spotlight, Fall 2014 Hackathons and other activities.

Interview

Alex Wilhelm, TechCrunch interviewer.

Alex: Your experience at the FCC? Gigi: exceeding my expectations. I’m a lawyer, having worked at Public Knowledge (advocacy). This is my first turn, is intense. Mergers, open Internet, broadcaster’s spectrum. I’m enjoying it.

Alex: Net Neutrality? Gigi: last time FCC tried to adopt new rules was 2010, recent work struck down by a court. National attention is because Internet has become central to their lives, they want fast, robust, and affordable Internet. Mergers create anxiety. I’ve talked to the protesters. Lots of anxiety over consolidation. It’s exciting that people care so deeply about what we do.

Alex: John Oliver’s video, calling him a dingo. Mismatch about public perception about Chairman Wheeler. Gigi: superficial look at Wheeler’s resume to say “he was a lobbiest.” He has a wider variety of experience on both sides. He’s a history buff, and knows about disruptive technologies. He’s really independent-minded, didn’t need this job. We share same values. He believes in being open. Want this to be a responsive office.

Alex: tension around the term “net neutrality?” Gigi: what should the scope of this term be? Should only apply to last mile. Comments from the public: we ask if it should include different things. What John Oliver video got wrong: intimated that there were rules in place that Chairman was taking away. We’re proposing rules. Lots of misinformation about process and substance of procedures. Open Internet rules apply to last mile, but should it extend to interconnection points? Traffic exchange points? Peering specifically. People don’t want prioritization of last mile. Title II of Telecom Act, vs Section 706 — this is where the debate is.

Alex: Is it possible for paid prioritization to coexist? Gigi: we don’t know yet. May be some that we like. Heart monitors, sign language data. My feeling is that those are not the kind of things people worry about; they worry about their services. Everything is up for grabs.

Differences of opinion about what our legal authority should be. There are lots of variations of gray. Big questions, comments for no paid prioritization in the commercial sense, lack of competition in last mile.

Alex: Google Fiber, community broadband? Gigi: Chairman believes that communities should decide for themselves. We can’t preempt states, but we have localities that want to build out, including to areas that are unserved by incumbents, who come to us. Community brodadband has been mischaracterized. Lafayette and Chattanooga already had untility companies so it wasn’t a big stretch. But to bring another provider in to build for a community is also often prohibited.

Alex: Challenges on the horizon? Gigi: more visits from localities interested in this. Universal Service Fund, access to services generally, digital divide.

Alex: Chairman proposed $1B to help get kids on the net. Wi-Fi, why now? Gigi: e–rate program started in 1996 to fund schools and libraries. 18 years, no changes. Same should be for e-rate: he wants it to go to broadband, not pagers and email. We visited a classroom where each student had a chromebook. It’s abundantly clear that Wi-Fi is needed. He wants to reform the system to make sure that e-rate funds go further: group funds for better buying, more effective spending. Also make system less burdensome to applicants–make applying online. With these ideas, we can save $1B in next few years. Pushback to raise cap on e-rate funds from $2.4B yearly, but we want to reform the system before putting more funds in. Chairman knows how to read a spreadsheet.

Alex: less comments on spectrum auction? Gigi: tell stories about dropped 911 calls that couldn’t go through because of lack of spectrum. Hasn’t been done in incentive auction process. We need to make sure broadcasters give their spectrum back–bigger carriers have figured out that scarcity is more valuable. Can’t make calls from many buildings.

Alex: Five years, still at FCC? Gigi: no idea.

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USIgnite2014: Day 2: Sector Networking and Roundtable Discussions

Who else is working in your sector? Group discussions.

  • Public safety
  • Advanced Manufacturing
  • Clean energy
  • Healthcare
  • Education and Workforce Development

Healthcare

Lead: Tom Eppenberger, Kaiser Permante Research

Introductions

Question re: putting equipment in remote location and network to be able to collect data that is actionable. Fitnet is looking to put tablets in, using advanced wireless to collect data. Sprint is a natural fit because they’re headquartered in Kansas City. Testing 4G hotspot, working pretty well. SciWynet is interesting, NSF funded. Eldercare monitoring is fixed in home, using regular networks; also a set up as a living laboratory with fiber network. Tomorrow they’ll show an interactive interface for remote physical therapy, private homes that have Google fiber. Network requirements in eldercare: regular networks carry data to their server, also instant alerts sent back. Legal matters and privacy data is limited (by law?); they use what people have (e.g., SMTP). The higher level of data gives more info (of course).

Question: HIPPA compliance, yes is required, also webtracks(?) for immunizations and other compliance requirements by Hospitals.

Bragging right: HIPPA (core thing), by covered entity, who is collecting health data–if data is shared, notification requirements getting faster. Not good consistency about what HIPPA compliant is. Tele-housecalls app is running on Amazon, wasn’t possible last year but now is as reserved instances. Headed in a good direction. General best standards? Groups working on this? Is very local. Data at rest is not officially a HIPPA requirement, but it’s good practice.

Research and human protection: large scale identification of de-identified still may not be anonymized enough. Differs across institutions. Who is going to be the entity taking liability? So many people involved. Users of software: most of cases, someone loses a laptop or otherwise by employees. Hospital, covered entity, carries the insurance for that. But hospital goes to vendor for assurances, less concern because “it’s cloud based,” people getting used to the idea that data is moving around. In Kansas City, most of the data is hosted locally. Kaiser: looking at cost, mobility of data. IT risk players and all say yes, but lawyers have historical precedent about dealing with historical perspectives and concerns. Who runs the business, lawyers or doctors?

Public best practices and standards? Unlikely, because of legacy agreements, who signs (Kansas City is the State of KS) and being subject to state rules, non-profit vs for profits vs research institutions.

Where is the comity between organizations? not automatic acceptance but given weight, special rules to their organizations, IRB vs compliance. That exists but not perfectly yet in IRB. Reciprocal referral agreement, loose agreement that one group takes lead and communicates changes and updates. Four to five institutions on board, another 4 or 5 coming along. Research approval vs HIPPA. Technology compliance? It’s not enough to “be HIPPA compliant” — seven pages of requirements in eldercare case. Will healthcare community share their requirements? Have they been shown as complaint with larger hospital standards. Vendors may have already deployed for other institutions, but “our team” may not be satisfied with that, other priorities. Checklist or process that multiple providers could agree to might be possible.

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USIgnite2014: Day 2: Children’s Mercy Hospital

Virtual presenter for telemedicine. She’s in an area on the Kansas-Missouri border that has few specialists. Works in home, schools, clinics, medical offices, and with global researchers. They bring providers to our main (local) clinics with multimedia presentations that help patients see what’s going on.

Remote collaboration and ability to allow surgeons to watch surgeries remotely. Two virtual presenters from different cities appear on same interactive screen through SightDeck software.

Mercy Hospital - SightDeck Demo

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